Why do some people still choose psychoanalysis-Freud's so-called talking cure-when numerous medications are available that treat the symptoms of psychic distress so much faster? Elisabeth Roudinesco tackles this difficult question, exploring what she sees as a "depressive society": an epidemic of distress addressed only by an increasing reliance on prescription drugs.
Far from contesting the efficacy of new medications like Prozac, Zoloft, and Viagra in alleviating the symptoms of any number of mental or nervous conditions, Roudinesco argues that the use of such drugs fails to solve patients' real problems. In the man who takes Viagra without ever wondering why he is suffering from impotence and the woman who is given antidepressants to deal with the loss of a loved one, Roudinesco sees a society obsessed with efficiency and desperate for the quick fix.
She argues that "the talking cure" and pharmacology represent not just different approaches to psychiatry, but different worldviews. The rush to treat symptoms is itself symptomatic of an antiseptic and depressive culture in which thought is reduced to the firing of neurons and desire is just a chemical secretion. In contrast, psychoanalysis testifies to human freedom and the power of language.
--- from the publisher
Part I. The Depressive Society
1. The Defeat of the Subject
2. The Medications of the Mind
Part II. The Great Quarrel Over the Unconscious
3. The Soul Is Not a Thing
5. Frankenstein's Brain
Part III. The Future of Psychoanalysis
4. Behavior-Modification Man
6. The ``Equinox Letter''
7. Freud Is Dead in America
8. A French Scientism
9. Science and Psychoanalysis
10. Tragic Man
11. Universality, Difference, Exclusion
12. Critique of Psychoanalytic Institutions