Violent offenders often claim amnesia in order to avoid punishment. It is important for investigators and juries to ascertain whether such amnesia is genuine or feigned – an offender with amnesia is not able to enter a plea, and issues of automatism are raised. There are also implications for the interview strategies employed by police officers, when amnesia is claimed. In addition, offenders who deny any memory of their crime tend are less likely to benefit from rehabilitation programmes.
This edited collection will help forensic psychologists and forensic clinical psychologists. It is organized in three parts, part 1 discusses offenders’ memories of violent crime, part 2 examines methodologies for testing claims of amnesia and part three outlines investigative and interviewing techniques for offenders who claim amnesia.
About the Editor.
List of Contributors.
PART 1 THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF OFFENDERS' MEMORIES.
1 Searching for Offenders’ Memories of Violent Crimes (Sven Å. Christianson, Ingrid Freij and Eva von Vogelsang).
2 Memory Formation in Offenders: Perspectives from a Biopsychosocial Model of Eyewitness Memory (Hugues Hervé, Barry S. Cooper and John C. Yuille).
3 An Investigation of Violent Offenders’ Memories for Instrumental and Reactive Violence (Barry S. Cooper and John C. Yuille).
4 The Nature of Memories of Violent Crime among Young Offenders (Ceri Evans and Gillian Mezey).
5 Memory for Murder: The Qualities and Credibility of Homicide Narratives by Perpetrators (Stephen Porter, Michael Woodworth and Naomi L. Doucette).
PART 2 EVALUATING OFFENDERS’ MEMORIES.
6 Neuroimaging and Crime (Hans J. Markowitsch and Elke Kalbe).
7 Amnesia for Homicide as a Form of Malingering (Harald Merckelbach and Sven Å. Christianson).
8 The Role of Malingering and Expectations in Claims of Crime-related Amnesia (Kim Van Oorsouw and Maaike Cima).
9 Evaluating the Authenticity of Crime-related Amnesia (Marko Jelicic and Harald Merckelbach).
PART 3 INTERVIEWING OFFENDERS.
10 Interviewing Suspects of Crime (Carole Hill and Amina Memon).
11 Interrogations and Confessions (Gisli H. Gudjonsson).
12 Interviewing to Detect Deception (Aldert Vrij and Pär Anders Granhag).
13 Crime Features and Interrogation Behaviour among Homicide Offenders (Pekka Santtila and Tom Pakkanen).
14 Memory-enhancing Techniques for Interviewing Crime Suspects (Ronald P. Fisher and Valerie Perez).
15 Interviewing Offenders: A Therapeutic Jurisprudential Approach (Ulf Holmberg, Sven Å. Christianson and David Wexler).
About the Author:
Sven Å. Christianson is a Professor of Psychology, Ph.D., Chartered Psychologist, and chief of the Research Unit for Forensic Psychology, at the Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden. He is also an Adjunct Professor at Sundsvall Forensic Psychiatric Hospital, Sweden. Dr Christianson has authored or co-authored over one hundred papers published in peer reviewed psychological and medical journals and anthologies, and has written or edited several books regarding crime, trauma, and memory, for example Handbook of Emotion and Memory (1992), Traumatic Memories (1994), Crime and Memory (1996), Advanced Interrogation and Interviewing Technique (1998) and Police Psychology (2004). The objective of his current research programme is to gain an understanding of the relationship between emotion and memory, with a research focus on victims’, bystander witnesses’ and offenders’ memories of violent and sexual crimes. Dr Christianson has been a consultant in numerous murder, rape and child sexual abuse cases, and he is a sought after speaker and psychological expert witness.