The study of emotional expressions has a long tradition in psychology. Although research in this domain has extensively studied the social context factors that influence the expresser's facial display, the perceiver was considered passive. This book focuses on a more recent development that recognizes that the perceiver is also subject to the same social rules and norms that guide the expresserís behavior, and that knowledge of relevant emotion norms can influence how emotional expressions shown by members of different groups are perceived and interpreted. Factors such as ethnic group membership, gender, and relative status all influence not only emotional expressions but also the interpretation of emotional expressions shown by members of different groups. Specifically, the research presented asks the question of whether and why the same expressions shown by men or women, members of different ethnic groups, or individuals high and low in status are interpreted differently.
Introduction Pierre Philippot and Ursula Hess; 1. Implications of ingroup-outgroup membership for interpersonal perceptions Jennifer Richeson, John F. Dovidio, J. Nicole Shelton and Michelle Hebl; 2. When two do the same it might not mean the same: the perception of emotional expressions shown by men and women Ursula Hess, Reginald B. Adams and Robert E. Kleck; 3. It takes one to know one better: controversy about the cultural ingroup advantage in communicating emotion as a theoretical rather than methodological issue Hillary Anger Elfenbein; 4. Beauty is in the eyes of the perceiver: the impact of affective stereotyping on the perception of outgroup membersí facial expressions Pierre Philippot, Yanelia Yabar and Patrick Bourgeois; 5. The perception of crying in women and men: angry tears, sad tears, and the 'right way' to cry Leah Warner and Stephanie A. Shields; 6. Tell me a story: emotional responses to emotional expression during leader 'storytelling' Kristi Tyran; 7. Apples and oranges: methodological requirements for testing a possible advantage in emotion judgments from facial expressions David Matsumoto; 8. Othersí faces' tales: an integration Ursula Hess and Pierre Philippot.
Pierre Philippot, Ursula Hess, Jennifer Richeson, John F. Dovidio, J. Nicole Shelton, Michelle Hebl, Reginald B. Adams, Robert E. Kleck, Hillary Anger Elfenbein, Yanelia Yabar, Patrick Bourgeois, Leah Warner, Stephanie A. Shields, Kristi Tyran, David Matsumoto