Most psychoanalysts advocate they should exercise at least some restraint over affective expression, and use countertransference to further the analytic work by deepening analytic inquiry, sharpening analytic observation, and by holding and containing affects that patients are not yet prepared to integrate. Irwin Hirsch, author of Coasting in the Countertransference, agrees that countertransference experience always has the potential to be used productively to benefit patients; indeed, it is often actualized in analytic work. However, he also observes that it is not unusual for analysts to 'coast' in their countertransferences, and to not use this experience to help treatment progress toward reaching patients and analysts stated analytic goals. He believes that it is quite common that analysts who have some conscious awareness of a problematic aspect of countertransference participation, or of a mutual enactment, nevertheless do nothing to change that participation and to use their awareness to move the therapy forward. Instead, analysts may prefer to maintain what has developed into perhaps a mutually comfortable equilibrium in the treatment, possibly rationalizing that the patient is not yet ready to deal with any potential disruption that a more active use of countertransference might precipitate.
This 'coasting"'is emblematic of what Hirsch believes to be an ever present (and rarely addressed) conflict between analystsí self-interest and pursuit of comfortable equilibrium, and what may be ideal for patientsí achievement of analytic aims. The acknowledgment of the power of analystsí self-interest further highlights the contemporary view of a truly two-person psychology conception of psychoanalytic praxis. Analystsí embrace of their selfish pursuit of comfortable equilibrium reflects both an acknowledgment of the analyst as a flawed other, and a potential willingness to abandon elements of self-interest for the greater good of the therapeutic project.
1. Coasting in the Countertransference: Analysts' Pursuit of Self Interest 2. The Influence of Situational Factors, in Analysts' Lives and Preferred Relational States, on Analytic Participation 3. Analysts' Character Structure and the Wish for Emotional Equilibrium 4. Preferred Patients - Preferred Relational Configurations 5. Psychoanalytic Theory and Its Unexamined Comforts 6. Baldness 7. Money and the Therapeutic Frame 8. Money and the Ongoing Therapeutic Relationship
About the Author:
Irwin Hirsch lives and works in New York City. He teaches and/or supervises at five psychoanalytic training programs, and serves on four editorial boards. He has published over 60 psychoanalytic articles and reviews, and has presented at conferences internationally. He received his doctorate in clinical psychology at The University of Maryland, and his psychoanalytic training at the N.Y.U. Postdoctoral Program in Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy.