Since the second edition of this authoritative text was published in 2002, the research base supporting the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality disorder has more than quadrupled. As a result, the vast majority of this volume is new.
In the upcoming fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the major innovation for the personality disorders will likely be a shift from the classic syndrome-based approach to a dimensional description approach.
The new approach views personality disorder as a collection of maladaptive variants of normal personality traits. Whether a clinical disorder is present depends on whether an individual experiences significant functional impairment. Because this approach allows clinicians to describe each patient in terms of the personality traits most relevant to his/her experiences and dysfunction, the result is a more accurate diagnosis and more effective treatment.
This book explains how personality disorders can be understood from the perspective of the FFM, the most heavily researched and empirically supported dimensional model of general personality structure. The chapters summarize the conceptual and empirical support for the FFM, including the dimensional description of specific personality disorders and the application of the model for assessment and treatment. Case studies are also provided.
The volume is an essential reference for clinicians, researchers, and graduate students who work with personality disorders. No other currently published text is as fully informed or as closely coordinated with the likely forthcoming DSM-5 personality disorder nomenclature.
Personality Disorders and the Five-Factor Model of Personality: Rationale for the Third Edition
Thomas A. Widiger and Paul T. Costa Jr.
I. Conceptual and Empirical Background
Introduction to the Empirical and Theoretical Status of the Five-Factor Model of Personality Traits
Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa Jr.
On the Valid Description of Personality Dysfunction
Tamika C. B. Zapolski, Leila Guller, and Gregory T. Smith
Childhood Antecedents of Personality Disorder: A Five-Factor Model Perspective
Filip De Fruyt and Barbara De Clercq
Universality of the Five-Factor Model of Personality
Jüri Allik, Anu Realo, and Robert R. McCrae
Five-Factor Model Personality Disorder Research
Thomas A. Widiger, Paul T. Costa Jr., Whitney L. Gore, and Cristina Crego
II. Patient Populations
Psychopathy From the Perspective of the Five-Factor Model of Personality
Karen Derefinko and Donald R. Lynam
Borderline Personality Disorder: A Five-Factor Model Perspective
Timothy J. Trull and Whitney C. Brown
Narcissistic Personality Disorder and the Five-Factor Model: Delineating Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Grandiose Narcissism, and Vulnerable Narcissism
W. Keith Campbell and Joshua D. Miller
A Five-Factor Model Perspective of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Maryanne Edmundson and Thomas R. Kwapil
Dependency and the Five-Factor Model
Whitney L. Gore and Aaron L. Pincus
Depressive Personality Disorder and the Five-Factor Model
R. Michael Bagby, Chris Watson, and Andrew G. Ryder
Alexithymia and the Five-Factor Model of Personality
Graeme J. Taylor and R. Michael Bagby
Five-Factor Model Personality Functioning in Adults With Intellectual Disabilities
Sara E. Boyd
Assessing the Five-Factor Model of Personality Disorder
Douglas B. Samuel
Informant Reports and the Assessment of Personality Disorders Using the Five-Factor Model
Thomas F. Oltmanns and Erika Carlson
Prototype Matching and the Five-Factor Model: Capturing the DSM–IV Personality Disorders
Joshua D. Miller
Using the Five-Factor Model to Assess Disordered Personality
Donald R. Lynam
IV. Clinical Application
Diagnosis of Personality Disorder Using the Five-Factor Model and the Proposed DSM–5
Thomas A. Widiger, Paul T. Costa Jr., and Robert R. McCrae
Conceptual and Empirical Support for the Clinical Utility of Five-Factor Model Personality Disorder Diagnosis
Stephanie N. Mullins-Sweatt
Further Use of the NEO PI–R Personality Dimensions in Differential Treatment Planning
Cynthia Sanderson and John F. Clarkin
Treatment of Personality Disorders From the Perspective of the Five-Factor Model
Michael H. Stone
Crossover Analysis: Using the Five-Factor Model and Revised NEO Personality Inventory to Assess Couples
Ralph L. Piedmont and Thomas E. Rodgerson
Dialectical Behavior Therapy From the Perspective of the Five-Factor Model of Personality
Stephanie D. Stepp, Diana J. Whalen, and Tiffany D. Smith
Disorders of Personality: Clinical Treatment From a Five-Factor Model Perspective
Jennifer R. Presnall
V. Conclusions and Future Research
Final Word and Future Research
Thomas A. Widiger and Paul T. Costa Jr.
Appendix: Description of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI–R) Facet Scales
About the Editors
About the Editors:
Thomas A. Widiger, PhD, is the T. Marshall Hahn Professor of Psychology at the University of Kentucky, Lexington. He received his PhD from Miami University, Miami, Ohio, and completed his internship at Cornell University Medical Center, Westchester, New York.
He is currently associate editor of the Journal of Personality Disorders, the Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, the Journal of Personality Assessment, and the Journal of Abnormal Psychology. He was the research coordinator for the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV), a member of the DSM–IV Personality Disorders Work Group, and a cochair of the 2004 American Psychiatric Association DSM–5 Research Planning Conference, "Dimensional Models of Personality Disorder."
His primary interest has been the integration of the American Psychiatric Association's personality disorder nomenclature with the dimensional classification of personality structure, particularly as the latter is conceptualized within the five-factor model. He also conducts research and writes papers concerning diagnosis, classification, the philosophy of science, personality disorders and personality disorder assessment, structured interviews and self-report inventories, gender bias, and clinical utility.
He has authored of coauthored approximately 400 articles and chapters. In 2009, he received the Distinguished Scientist Award from the Society for a Science of Clinical Psychology.
Paul T. Costa Jr., PhD, is adjunct professor of medical psychology at the Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, and holds a joint appointment as professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and in the Department of Mental Health at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland. Until 2009, he was chief of the Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, Biomedical Research Center, in Baltimore, Maryland.
Dr. Costa received his doctorate from the University of Chicago and taught at Harvard University and the University of Massachusetts at Boston before moving to Baltimore in 1978. His enduring interests are in the structure and measurement of personality and in life-span development. His other research interests include health psychology, personality disorders, and the neurobiology and molecular genetics of personality.
With his long-term collaborator, Robert McCrae, Dr. Costa developed the Neuroticism–Extroversion–Openness (NEO) personalty inventories, including the NEO PI–3, the NEO PI–R, and the NEO–FFI, which are designed to operationalize the five-factor model (FFM). Not only has he been a leading contributor to the development of the FFM, but with Dr. McCrae he continues to develop the FFM. He has authored and coauthored approximately 400 papers and chapters.
He is past president of several national and international personality organizations and the recipient of several awards, including the Distinguished Contribution Award from APA's Division 20 (Adult Development and Aging) and the Jack Block Award from the Society for Personality and Social Psychology.