For one-semester courses in Introductory Philosophy.
In addition to providing detailed content coverage and critical reasoning skills development, this text pays serious attention to the personal and practical relevance of philosophy by focusing on its experiential, therapeutic, and social applications. The “applied focus,” intended to inspire students to further their studies in philosophy, is complemented by a built-in study guide and substantial excerpts from classical original sources. By combining the theoretical with the practical through the integration of descriptive outlines, readings, and numerous pedagogical aids, this book strikes an educationally productive balance between accessibility and academic rigor.
(NOTE: Each chapter begins with “Take It Personally” and concludes with a Study Guide, Key Terms, Progress Check, Summary of Major Points, Source References, Philosophy in Cyberspace and End Notes.)
1. What Is Philosophy? What's in It for Me?
Know Thyself Diagnostic: My Preconceptions about Philosophy. Philosophy and Philosophers: Caricatures, Myths, and Realities. The Philosopher's Profile. Wisdom: The Object of Love. The Practical Value of Philosophy. Therapeutic Applications of Philosophy: Back to the Future. Philosophy's Relevance in an Age of Information and Emerging Technologies. Fields of Philosophy. Approaches to Philosophy. Historical Periods of Philosophy. Original Sourcework: Bertrand Russell, The Problems of Philosophy.
2. Philosophies of Life.
Know Thyself Diagnostic: The Philosophy of Life Preference Indicator. Stoicism: A Prescription for Peace of Mind. Original Sourcework: Marcus Aurelius, The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius. Existentialism: Born Free, Let Me Be Me. Original Sourcework: Jean-Paul Sartre, The Humanism of Existentialism. Philosophical Segue: Fate, Free Will and Determinism. Hedonism: Pleasure Is the Measure. Original Sourcework: Epicurus, Letter to Menoceus. Buddhism: A Way of Life. Original Sourcework: John Keller, Basic Characteristics of (Asian) Buddhist Culture.
3. Philosophical Argument…That Sounds Logical!
Original Sourcework: Plato, Euthyphro featuring The Socratic Method. Know Thyself Diagnostic: How Rational Am I? Opinions versus Arguments. Factual Claims versus Value Judgments. Deductive Arguments. Inductive Arguments. Informal Logical Fallacies.
4. Epistemology, Metaphysics, and God.
Know Thyself Diagnostic: My Philosophical Presuppositions about Knowledge and Reality. Preliminary Questions and Definitions. Plato's Metaphysical Epistomology. Original Sourcework: Plato, The Republic: Simile of the Sun. Original Sourcework: Plato, The Republic: Allegory of the Cave. Rationalism: René Descartes. Original Sourcework: Descartes, The First Meditation on Things that can be Doubted. Original Sourcework: Descartes, Second Meditation of the Nature of the Human Mind, and that it is more easily known than the Body. Original Sourcework: Descartes, The Wax Example. British Empiricism: Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. Original Sourcework: David Hume, Skeptical Doubts concerning the Operation of the Understanding. Original Sourcework: Patricia Hill Collins, An Afrocentric/Feminist Standpoint Challenges the Tradition of Positivism. Immanuel Kant's Synthesis of Rationalism and Empiricism. Original Sourcework: Kant, “Introduction” in the Critique of Pure Reason. Original Sourcework: Benjamin Whorf, The Language of the Hopi Provides a Metaphysics without Space and Time. Philosophical Segue: Proofs for the Existence of God.
5. Ethics and Moral Decision-Making.
Know Thyself Diagnostic: The Ethical Perspective Indicator. Character Ethics: Plato. Original Sourcework: Plato, Virtue and Justice in the Individual and in the State. Utilitarian Ethics: Jeremy Bentham. Original Sourcework: Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. Deontological Ethics: Immanuel Kant. Original Sourcework: Kant, “Preface” to the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals. Feminine Ethics: Carol Gilligan and Nel Noddings. Original Sourcework: Noddings, “Introduction” to Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education. Existentialist Ethics: Friedrich Willhelm Nietzsche. Original Sourcework: Nietzsche, The Gay Science. Ethical Egoism: Ayn Rand. Original Sourcework: Rand, “The Objectivist Ethics” in The Virtue of Selfishness. Philosophical Segue: Religion and Ethics.
6. Political Philosophy.
Know Thyself Diagnostic: My Political Outlook. Political Philosophy versus Politics and Political Science. Plato's Republic. Original Sourcework: Plato, The Nature of Women. Social Contract Theorists: Hobbes and Locke. Thomas Hobbes. Original Sourcework: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan. John Locke. Original Sourcework: John Locke, The Second Treatise of Government.<D Karl Marx. Original Sourcework: Karl Marx, Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts.
Appendix: Answers to Progress Checks.
About the Author:
Anthony Falikowski is Professor of Philosophy at Sheridan College, Oakville, Ontario, Canada.