Sex crimes, such as rape, child sexual abuse, and intimate partner violence, are increasingly transnational in nature, introducing unique cross-border and cross-cultural challenges for police, the courts, and the law. Policy makers and practitioners are in need of a resource that explores the incidence, prosecution, and treatment of sexual crimes across different countries and cultures.
This book is the first to investigate all aspects of sexual crimes and the policy and management initiatives developed to address them from a transnational, global perspective. Introducing an array of new tools for reducing the prevalence and consequences of sex crimes, this volume brings together leading scholars in criminology, criminal justice, social work, and law to discuss topics ranging from sex trafficking and sex tourism to pornography, cyberstalking, and sexual abuse in the military and the Catholic church. Case studies track the reporting of these crimes, the methods used to interview victims and perpetrators, and the policies enacted to punish those involved.
This book presents various forms and contexts in which sexual crime takes place and how international perspectives on sexuality, human rights, and moral and legal principles provide a global framework. The latter is likely to expand and enrich students' understanding of sex crimes and appreciation of how local conditions shape sexual crimes and communities' responses to them. The book introduces students to the global range of sex offenses, sexual deviance, and sexual violence, presenting the many forms these behaviors take, the diverse contexts in which they occur, the international approaches to the manifestation of sex offenses and the policies that address them.
Edna Erez, Professor in the Department of Criminology, Crime, and Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago
Part I. Foundational Chapters
Introduction, by Alissa R. Ackerman and Rich Furman
1. The Movement of Sexual Content and Sex Crimes from the Local to the Transnational, by Jay S. Albanese
2. What Is a "Sex Crime"? An Examination of the Various Definitions of Rape Across Countries, by Lisa L. Sample and Rita Augustyn
3. The Use of Masculinities in the Understanding and Treatment of Male Sexual Offenders, by Alissa R. Ackerman, Rich Furman, Jeffrey W. Cohen, Eric Madfis, and Michelle Sanchez
4. A World of Hurt: An International Look at Intimate Partner Violence, by Elicka S. Peterson-Sparks
Part II. Sex Trafficking in a Transnational World
5. Global Sex Trafficking Overview: Facts, Myths, and Debates, by Mary Hiquan Zhou
6. INGOs and the UN Trafficking Protocol, by Charles Anthony Smith and Cynthia Florentino
7. Sex Work and Agency: Decriminalization of Prostitution, by Cathy Nguyen, Rich Furman, and Alissa R. Ackerman
Part III. Examples and Contexts of Transnational Sex Crimes
8. Sexual Violence Against Political Prisoners: An Examination of Empirical Evidence in El Salvador and Peru, by Michele Leiby
9. Conflict and Postconflict Sexual Violence in Africa: Case Studies of Liberia, Northern Uganda, and Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, by Helen Liebling
10. Donor Dollars and Ministerial Mindsets: Constraints on NGO Responses to Rape in Cambodia, by Catherine Burns and Kathleen Daly
11. Sexual Abuse Within Institutional Contexts, by Anne-Marie McAlinden
12. Child Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church, by Karen J. Terry
13. Sexual Violence By and Against Trans People, by Phoenix J. Freeman
14. The Sexual Abuse of Animals, by Jennifer Maher
List of Contributors
About the Editors:
Alissa R. Ackerman is assistant professor of criminal justice at the University of Washington, Tacoma. Her research on the management of sexual offenders has appeared in Criminal Justice & Behavior, Journal of Criminal Justice, and Justice Quarterly. Alissa is currently the principal investigator of a national study regarding the U.S. sex offender population.
Rich Furman is professor of social work at the University of Washington, Tacoma. He is also affiliated with the Ethnic, Gender and Labor Studies programs and the Criminal Justice programs at UWT. His recent books include Social Work Practice with Men at Risk and Transnational Social Work Practice.