This vanguard collection of original and in-depth essays explores the intricate interplay of the aesthetic and psychological domains during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and considers the reasons why a common Modernist project took shape when and in the circumstances that it did. These changes occurred precisely when the distinctively modern disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis established their “scientific” foundations and achieved the forms in which we largely know them today.
This volume examines the dense web of connections joining the aesthetic and psychological realms in the modern era, charting historically the emergence of the ongoing modern discussion surrounding such issues as identity-formation, sexuality, and the unconscious. The contributors form a distinguished and diversified group of scholars, who write about a wide range of cultural fields, including philosophy, the novel and poetry, drama, dance, film and photography, as well as medicine, psychology, and the occult sciences.
Table of Contents:
Introduction: The Modernist Mind?A Map, by Mark S. Micale
The Modernist Mind: A Timeline
Part I. Cultures of Hysteria
• Discourses of Hysteria in Fin-de-Siècle France, by Mark S. Micale
• From Charcot to Charlot: Unconscious Imitation and Spectatorship in French Cabaret and Early Cinema, by Rae Beth Gordon
• Automatisme Ambulatoire : Fugue, Hysteria, and Gender at the Turn of the Century, by Ian Hacking
Part II. Technologies of the Psyche
• In Your Face: Physiognomy, Photography, and the Gnostic Mission of Early Film, by Tom Gunning
• Freud the Modernist, by John Brenkman
• Shock Effects: Marinetti, Pathology, and Italian Avant-Garde Poetics, by Lawrence Rainey
Part III. Medicine, Literature, and Modernism
• Playing with Signatures: The Young Charles Richet, by Jacqueline Carroy
• Writing Psychology Over: Gertrude Stein and William James, by Steven Meyer
Part IV. Transformations of the Self
• Between Science and Art: Freud versus Schnitzler, Kafka, and Musil, by David Joravsky
• Refashioning the Masculine Subject in Early Modernism: Narratives of Self-Dissolution and Self-Construction in Psychoanalysis and Literature, 1900-1914, by John E. Toews
Part V. Modernism and Anti-Psychologism
• T.E. Hulme, Henri Bergson, and the Cultural Politics of Psychologism, by Jesse Matz
• Modernism and the Specter of Psychologism, by Martin Jay
About the author
Mark S. Micale is Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He is co-editor of Enlightenment, Passion, Modernity (Stanford, 2000).