This new edition of the PACT violence prevention program guide provides the rationale and background for the PACT approach, offering guidelines and procedures proven effective in conducting group training with African American and other high-risk youth.
The program employs a three-part training approach:
• Violence-Risk Education
• Anger Management
• Prosocial Skills Training
The guide provides specific instructions for planning and establishing violence prevention groups, conducting group training, involving parents, and conducting program evaluations. Numerous participant handouts and other program forms and checklists are included.
Several activities relating to the group process and PACT skills have been added to this new edition, along with suggestions for applying program content to academic areas and adapting procedures for an elementary population.
Chapter 1 —Rationale and Background for the PACT Approach
Chapter 2—Overview of the PACT Program
Chapter 3 —Planning and Establishing Youth Violence Prevention Groups
Chapter 4 —Components of the Group Intervention
Chapter 5 —Group Training Procedures
...Training Area 1: Introduction and Rapport Building
...Training Area 2: Violence-Risk Education
...Training Area 3: Understanding and Controlling Anger
...Training Area 4: Giving Negative Feedback (Givin’ It)
...Training Area 5: Receiving Negative Feedback (Takin’ It)
...Training Area 6: Negotiation (Workin’ It Out)
...Ending the Group
Chapter 6—Group Behavior Management
Chapter 7—Parent Involvement and Training
Chapter 8—Evaluation Issues and Methods
Appendix A—Activities for Integrating PACT Training into Academic Subject Matter
Appendix B—Adapting the PACT Model for Elementary Students
Appendix C—PACT Skill Cards
Appendix D—Activities for Optimizing the PACT Group Experience
About the Authors:
W. Rodney Hammond, PhD, is the retired director of the Division of Violence Prevention within the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia. Currently, he is an adjunct professor of counseling and human development in the College of Education at the University of Georgia. He began his career at CDC in 1996 following 23 years in academia, where he became nationally recognized for his research and programs focused on preventing youth violence. As the first permanent director of the Division of Violence Prevention, he led the division through unprecedented growth. Throughout his career, he has been dedicated to promoting a public health approach to preventing violence, both nationally and internationally. His efforts brought recognition to the CDC as a world leader in violence prevention and have engaged numerous partners in violence prevention activities, including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Doris Duke Foundation, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, and the World Health Organization. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and a distinguished fellow emeritus of the National Academies of Practice. In 2010, he received the Nicholas Hobbs Award from the Society for Child and Family Practice of the American Psychological Association for lifetime achievements in child advocacy and policy. Also in 2010, the American Psychological Association honored him with their Meritorious Research Service Commendation for his leadership role at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in applying psychological science to the problem of youth violence. He completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and his PhD in psychology at Florida State University in Tallahassee. He completed postdoctoral study at Harvard University.
Janeece R. Warfield, PsyD, RPT-S, is an associate professor in the School of Professional Psychology at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. She served as the program coordinator for the PACT program since 1995, and in 2012, after the passing of Dr. Betty R. Yung, became director of the Child and Adolescent Violence Prevention Center. She completed an APA-approved postdoctoral fellowship at Georgetown University Hospital in pediatric psychology. As a pediatric psychologist, she specializes in therapeutic services and assessment with young children who have developmental disabilities. Her teaching and private practice interests are in violence prevention, trauma, play therapy, and multicultural/diversity training. Dr. Warfield is the project director of the Parent’s Early Childhood Education–Positive Action Choices Training (PECE–PACT) program, a version of PACT designed to prevent conduct disorders in high-risk preschoolers. She is also project director of Children Matter Montgomery County, a program for children ages 5 to 14 who have a mental health diagnosis and are involved with the juvenile court. Dr. Warfield has been a member of the American Psychological Association’s Adult and Children Together Against Violence (ACT) initiative as a service coordinator since 2000, serves on the APA’s Minority Fellowship Program technical advisory committee, and has membership in numerous other professional organizations, such as the Association of Play Therapy, Ohio Association of Infant Mental Health, and the National Black Family Coalition. She has consulted and trained in the area of violence prevention with organizations such as Head Start, the Ohio Association for the Education of the Young Child, and the Ohio Commission on Minority Health. For her active community engagement, in 2014 Dr. Warfield was awarded Wright State University’s Presidential Award of Excellence for Community Engagement and the Martin Luther King, Jr., Distinguished Service Award. Through a grant from the Bureau of Maternal and Child Health, Dr. Warfield and Dr. Yung disseminated the PACT program throughout the United States by conducting numerous violence prevention training institutes.
Betty R. Yung, PhD (1945–2012), was a professor in the School of Professional Psychology at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. Dr. Yung received her doctorate from the University of Kentucky and had been involved in research on violence and other health and social issues affecting ethnic/cultural populations and in program evaluation research for more than 20 years. She served as program research and evaluator coordinator for the PACT program from 1989 to 1994 and conducted training on the PACT model throughout the country. She also served as grants specialist for the School of Professional Psychology and was officer of grants, research, and evaluation for the College of Education and Human Services at Wright State University. Prior to that, she had 10 years of experience in casework and administration of youth programming in a juvenile court setting. Dr. Yung consulted for numerous local and state agencies on program development, grant proposal writing, and program evaluation for children, adolescents, and young adults in a variety of health and education areas. In 1994, she was designated as a Gimbel Child and Family Scholar, an award for service and scholarship in violence prevention. Also in 1994, she and her coauthor, Dr. W. Rodney Hammond, won an award from the Society for Research on Adolescence for the best journal article on adolescent social policy. In 2008, Dr. Yung received a Health Policy Researcher of the Year Award from the Health Policy Institute of Ohio for her study of capacity building needs of minority nonprofit organizations in Ohio. Prior to her death, she had been conducting a large scale study on suicide notes collected over a 10-year span. She was also working with the Ohio Commission on Minority Health and with the Michigan Department of Community Health on cross-site evaluation of their grant health disparity reduction programs and had completed an assessment of the outcomes of a federally funded Safe Schools/Healthy Students grant.