Cop Doc's Guide to Public Safety Complex Trauma Syndrome is written in response to the need for an advanced, specialized guide for clinicians to operationally define, understand, and responsibly treat complex post-traumatic stress and grief syndromes in the context of the unique varieties of police personality styles. The book continues where Rudofossi's first book, Working with Traumatized Police Officer Patients, left off. Theory is wed to practice and practice to effective interventions with police officer-patients. The "how" and "why" of a clinician's approach is made highly effective by understanding the distinct personality styles of officer-patients. Rudofossi's theoretical approach segues into difficult examples that highlight each officer-patient's eco-ethological field experience of loss in trauma, with a focus on enhancing resilience and motivation to —otherwise left disenfranchised. Thus, this original work expands the ecological-ethological existential analysis of complex PTSD into the context of personality styles, with an emphasis on resilience—without ignoring the pathological aspects of loss that often envelop officer-patient trauma syndromes.
Intended Audience: Criminal justice practitioners; trained paraprofessional responders; undergraduate and graduate students in criminal justice, criminology, psychology, psychiatry, counseling and social work; clergy members; and military and counter-terrorist intelligence and operational experts. Clinicians at all levels of training, education, and expertise, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, nurses, and pastoral counselors. Training professionals, including graduate and undergraduate students in the fields of mental health and criminal justice and related fields such as anthropology, sociology, and ethology. Training institutes in psychotherapy: cognitive behavioral/rational emotive behavioral therapy; existential analytic and existentially oriented therapies; humanistic therapies; integration therapies. Pastoral institutes of counseling and therapy. Psychodynamic and psychoanalytic institutes. Clergy who work with grief and trauma, especially in the police, public safety, and military areas. Quasi-professionals such as peer support officers, union representatives, and employee assistance programs and staff.
"One need not hold a Ph.D. or M.D. to appreciate the clinical sensitivity and useful insights that Dr. Rudofossi brings to this study of personality types of troubled police officers. He not only presents a classification model that is comprehensive in scope and rich in detail, but formulates a series of thoughtful treatment steps for use by experienced clinicians and novices alike."
—Professor Theodore Millon, Ph.D., D.Sc., Dean and Scientific Director Institute for Advanced Studies in Personology and Psychopathology
"Following his acclaimed Working with Traumatized Police Officer-Patients, in which 'Doc' Daniel Rudofossi spelled out what we are most often treating in officer-patients, this new book takes the next step: it searches out, for perhaps the first time, the commonalities in whom we are treating. We are offered the most effective words for psychotherapy: "By understanding . . . " The author's dictum: By understanding the common features of each police officer personality, we can effectively treat that individual. Dr. Rudofossi is police officer-patient centered. While not eschewing complexities, he presents an expert guide to treating complex post-traumatic stress and grief syndromes in police officers with an evidenced-based approach. This is both health-enhancing and better policing."
—Antoon A. Leenaars, Ph.D. Author, Psychotherapy with Suicidal People: A Person-Centered Approach
"Once again, in this sequel to his earlier book on traumatized police officers, Dr. Rudofossi has blended theoretical and practical applications of psychology and law enforcement. His approach of identifying the five varieties of public safety personality styles provides critical information for both mental health practitioners working with law enforcement personnel and law enforcement managers. This is an excellent book that should be read by all who work with, or are interested in, law enforcement officers!"
—Thomas Creelman, M.A., CEAP, Employee Assistance Program Coordinator, New York State Office of the Attorney General
"With his brilliant mind, amazing writing skills, experiential background, and psychological insight, Dr. Rudofossi offers the gift of his expertise in his profoundly interesting new book, A Cop Doc's Guide to Public Safety Complex Trauma Syndrome. A broad spectrum of readers will find complicated clinical theories coming alive with Dr. Rudofossi's use of case studies born in actual field experiences. This book promises to be stunningly useful in facilitating the healing process even when facing the most disenfranchising trauma."
—Robert C Barnes, Ph.D., President, International Board of Directors Viktor Frankl Institute of Logotherapy
"Daniel Rudofossi not only offers a wealth of psychological insight but brings to the literature on the mental health of law enforcement and public safety personnel a special personal and spiritual sensitivity."
—Rabbi Kalman Packouz, Aish HaTorah Shabbat Shalom Weekly
"Professor Rudofossi is a recognized authority on the psychological diagnosis and treatment of persons whose employment regularly exposes them and their fellow workers to the risk of death or physical injury. This volume continues the high level of both practical and theoretical information found in his previous writings. The wealth of clinical examples is particularly impressive. It is a book that should be read by everyone who has responsibility for the psychological welfare of firefighters, police, and other security personnel."
—Charles Brenner, M.D., Past President, American Psychoanalytic Association
"Dr. Rudofossi has been successful in defining the private and public faces of law enforcement officers, encapsulating them within the five police personality styles that he presents. His work provides the insight required when dealing with men and women engaged in enforcing our laws. This is a valuable resource for clinicians providing mental health service to that population."
—Stanley D. Smoote, Ph.D., ABPP Diplomate in Forensic Psychology, American Board of Professional Psychology, Ret. Police Officer-Licensed Psychologist COP DOC, DEA, and Border Patrol, OHS
"This is an original, challenging, and provocative analysis of the personality style of police by the ultimate insider. Dr. Rudofossi's unique perspective provides new insights that make a major contribution to an important field."
— Michael L. Perlin, J.D., Professor, NY Law School; Director; International Mental Disability Project
"Wow! This is 'deep wisdom' making a powerful and valuable contribution, useful and applicable to therapists who care for law enforcement officers, firefighters, and (I would submit, based on my own experience) the military. Dr. Rudofossi's 'five public safety personality types' is of great value, not just to the therapist but to any supervisor (law enforcement, firefighter, or military) who wants to gain a deep understanding of the lives and careers entrusted to his care.
"Dr. Rudofossi's 'Epilogue: Toward an Antidote to Terrorism' is worthy to stand alone as an article or booklet that would help us grasp the nature of our battle against those who would wield terror as a weapon. He shows us that terrorism ranks with despotism and tyranny as 'psychopathological' behavior, with 'victimization results [that] are perniciously psycho-physiological.' This is a powerful insight, which he uses to illuminate a path toward defeating terrorism while protecting our own national and individual psyches. As he so well states, we must 'not glorify or romanticize what is on one hand human illness, and on the other human depravity and evil. . . . In order to flesh out the antidote for dealing with terrorism, we must understand the poison that has been ingested. . . . Arguably even the perpetrators are victims of their own human illness and human depravity we have become afraid to characterize for what it genuinely is, 'evil'!' And 'It is in healing [this evil, psychopathological behavior] that we heal as well.'
"Dr. Dan has served as both a cop and a therapist. From this unique perspective he can well and truly say: 'To serve is a profile in courage! Therapists serve, too. The deeper the excavation the more resplendent the shine of darkness into the fulgent light of hope.' Well done, Dr. Dan. And many thanks for the bright light of hope that you have shone on our brave men and women who go in harm's way, on those who would wield terrorism against us, and on ourselves. I take up the prayer with which Dr. Rudofossi concludes his book: 'May G-d balance the scales we choose to embrace, justice and liberty to eternities grace!'"
— Lt. Col. Dave Grossman, US Army (Ret.), Author, On Killing and On Combat
"A gifted scientist, Dr. Rudofossi expertly integrates the disciplines of psychology and law enforcement in this critical volume. A Cop Doc's Guide to Public Safety Complex Trauma Syndrome fills a gap in the literature by providing a method to guide assessment and interventions with the five varieties of public safety personalities. As a clinician providing services to law enforcement staff and their families, I find Dr. Rudofossi's work enables me to better guide officer patients to use insight into the meaning of loss and its impact. Layered deeply and convincingly in Dr. Rudofossi's work is his adherence to the humanness, wholeness, and resilience of these officer patients, by regarding their unique strengths."
—Dr. Stephanie Kutzen, Ph.D., L.C.S.W., Director, Employee Consultation Services, Professor of Social Work
"Dr. Rudofossi has provided for clinicians working with law enforcement and public safety personnel a unique clinical tool. The psychometrically based personality styles he presents offer an insightful structure with which to understand how traumatized officers cope with the violence and loss that is all too commonly a part of their duties. However, he emphasizes that we treat individuals, not faceless categories. To this end, Dr. Rudofossi embodies each personality style with a wealth of personal detail gathered from extensive clinical interviews and therapeutic encounters. The goal of treatment is to help traumatized personnel cope with the sadness and suffering they experience. However, even within such tragedy there are opportunities for the officer to grow and find meaning. Dr. Rudofossi offers therapeutic strategies and clinical insight to assist providers in enhancing the process of treatment, while continually emphasizing the fundamental importance of empathic listening and relationship-building. This book will benefit even experienced law enforcement clinicians."
—John A. Dooley, Ph.D., Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neuroscience, Wayne State University School of Medicine Area Clinician, Drug Enforcement Administration
"Dr. Rudofossi presents here a timely and valuable resource for our generation, filled with wisdom that is, most importantly, based on the beginning of wisdom, which is faith in the Lord, and a recognition of the underlying spiritual element in all things. May the Almighty bless him and his work."
—Rabbi Joseph Kolakowski, Congregation Kol Emes/Young Israel of Richmond Virginia
"Dr. Daniel Rudofossi's most recent work, A Cop Doc's Guide to Public Safety Complex Trauma Syndrome: Using Five Police Personality Styles, is a valuable contribution for the clinician who seeks insight into the complex and often misunderstood issues affecting the psychological well-being of the men and women of law enforcement. Dr. Rudofossi is a unique and rare individual who can combine his decades of experience in the multiple worlds of police officer, clinician, and academician to provide us with a much-needed understanding of the dynamics taking place. This is a must read for the mental health clinician who wants to assist the men and women who work in law enforcement."
—Kevin Gilmartin, Ph.D.,Clinical Psychologist (retired Law Enforcement), Author, Emotional Survival for Law Enforcement: A Guide for Officers and Their Families
"In A Cop Doc's Guide to Public Safety Complex Trauma Syndrome, Daniel Rudofossi manages to connect complex psychological theories of personality to the common sense of a police officer. He has a unique ability to see the world from the point of view of both a well-educated psychologist and a street cop trained under fire on the streets of New York City. Dr. Rudofossi promotes his eco-ethological analytic approach to looking at traumas in an officer's life, which takes into account the defenses, drives, and motivations of an officer and the ecosystems that sustain the resulting behavior. From there, he describes five police personality styles modifying Millon's personological approach of personality and psychopathology. The book is philosophical and insightful, and will advance the thinking in psychological science applied to public safety professionals. This book should be required reading for anyone wanting to do therapy with police officers."
—Gary S. Aumiller, Ph.D., Executive Director, Society for Police and Criminal Psychology, Author, Keeping It Simple: Sorting Out What Really Matters in Your Life, Red Flags! How to Know You're Dating a Loser, Walk Like a Chameleon: Animal Instincts that Control Your Relationships and Your Life
"Police psychologist Dan Rudofossi's two volumes represent perhaps the most expansive theoretical application of psychodynamic and existential psychological theory to the treatment of cops in distress."
—Laurence Miller, PhD, Editor International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, Volume 11, Number 3
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Dr. Dan Rudofossi is the real deal: street cop, sergeant, and commanding officer who patrolled "urban war zones" and effected over 200 arrests without a complaint when New York was known as the murder capital of the United States. That experience and credibility helped him, as Uniform Psychologist/Police Sergeant, NYPD, in relating to police officers and in working through assessment, crisis, and therapy with hundreds of officers. What he offers in this book is the combined result of more than a decade of experience, from street cop to licensed psychologist who conducted extensive clinical treatment and research. Dr. Rudofossi is certified in the following psychotherapies: Fellow in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Albert Ellis Institute (formally, Institute of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy); Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, New York Psychoanalytic Institute and Society; and Clinician Diplomate in Logotherapy, The Viktor Frankl Institute of Logotherapy. He is Adjunct Associate Professor at New York University and Clinical Supervisor at Yeshiva University Albert Einstein School of Medicine. He continues in his private practice to work with traumatized police officers and is on the Board of Advisors, Saybrook University Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Program in Police and Public Safety. He is a recent appointee as Police Cop Doc to the New York and New Jersey Crime Clinic Detectives Association, and his recent appointment as Administrative Clinical Psychologist for the HHSG includes supervising and monitoring the US DOJ DEA EAP Nationwide.
Dr. Dan's ongoing work is recognized . . .
Chief of Counter Terrorism Robert Basso, President and Edward S Lenol, 1st V.P Retired President Detective Endowment Association, NYPD, presented Dr. Dan the appointment as a Police Surgeon for the Detectives Crime Clinic Metropolitan NY and NJ State Incorporated, and a public award as an Outstanding Law Enforcement Professional, Dr. Daniel M. Rudofossi, Ret. Sgt., NYPD, Professor/Author for many years of community service as a NY Police Sergeant and Cop Doc and "we welcome you as our police cop doc and for being one of our distinguished honorees upholding the highest honor of being a NYC Police Officer." Presented 27th day of March 2008 by your police peers and associates in the Law Enforcement Community. What more? Visit Dr. Dan's website: http://drcopdoc.com/index.html
About the Contributors
Preface by Dr. Kenneth J. Doka is Professor of Gerontology at the Graduate School of The College of New Rochelle and Senior Consultant to the Hospice Foundation of America. A prolific author, Dr. Doka has published more than 20 books and 60 articles and book chapters. He is editor of OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying and Journeys: A Newsletter for the Bereaved. Dr. Doka was elected President of the Association for Death Education and Counseling in 1993, and was elected to the Board of Directors of the International Work Group on Dying, Death and Bereavement in 1995, serving as chair from 1997 to 1999. He received the Award for Outstanding Contributions in the Field of Death Education, from the Association for Death Education and Counseling in 1998; the award for Outstanding Contributions to Thanatology and Hospice, from Scott and White in 2000; and Concordia College's first Distinguished Alumnus Award. In 2006 he became a Mental Health Counselor under New York State's first licensure of counselors.
Dr. Doka has keynoted conferences throughout North America as well as Europe, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. He participates in the annual Hospice Foundation of America Teleconference and has appeared on Nightline. He has also served as a consultant to medical, nursing, funeral service, and hospice organizations as well as businesses and educational and social service agencies. Dr. Doka is an ordained Lutheran minister.
Foreword by Dr. Al Benner is Clinical Director of the West Coast Post-Trauma Retreat, a residential treatment program for public safety personnel suffering from PTSD and other job-related emotional damage. He is Director of the Saybrook Graduate School's Clinical Psychology Ph.D., Police and Public Safety Psychology Program, and is past chair of American Psychological Association Division 18's Police and Public Safety Psychology Section. Dr. Benner retired from the San Francisco Police Department (SFPD) after 35 years. At SFPD, he developed the department's Behavioral Science Unit and was the department's first Director of Police Psychology. He is a founder of Cop Docs.
Introduction co-written by Lt. Col Grossman bestselling NY Times author and executive advisor and trainer on Counterterrorism and the Psychology of Combat and Killing to the FBI, DEA and every major law enforcement and intelligence agency.