Symbiosis and Autonomy, Franz Ruppert’s third book to be published in English, continues his exploration of the dynamics and processes of trauma and bonding. In this book he expands his exploration to looking at healthy symbiosis and destructive symbiosis, and healthy autonomy and pseudo autonomy, as the primary states and processes of being.
Ruppert’s research and developments over the last 15 years have resulting in truly ground-breaking material, giving insight into psychological splitting as the result of traumatic experiences, how this affects the ability of a mother and father to bond with their child, and the consequences for the child. This gives us the background to understanding how unresolved trauma carries across generations, often resulting in devastating psychological and emotional consequences for those who come later.
Serious psychological diagnoses such as schizophrenia, bi-polar disorder, personality disorders and other dysfunctions all come into sharp alignment when one looks at them from the perspective of bonding trauma and multi-generational trauma, psychological splitting as the result of trauma, and the many dissociative and deflective strategies we develop to keep our trauma away from consciousness.
Table of Contents:
Preface to the English Edition and Acknowledgements
1. Forever Yours – or Forever Alone?
1.1 Symbiosis-Autonomy Conflicts
1.2 Working Hypotheses
2. What is “Symbiosis”?
2.1 Mutual Benefit
2.2 Hunter and Prey
2.3 Competition and Division of Labour
2.4 Primal Feelings
2.5 Mirror Neurons and Symbiosis
3. Symbiosis as a Psychological Concept
3.1 Erich Fromm
3.2 Margaret Mahler
3.3 Martin Dornes
3.4 Further Considerations
4. What is Autonomy?
4.1 The Collective or Uniqueness?
4.2 Development of Individuality and Subjectivity
4.3 Freedom from Dependence
4.4 External and Internal Freedom
4.5 The Development of the Self
4.7 True Autonomy
5. Constructive and Destructive Forms of Symbiosis
5.1 Constructive Forms of Symbiosis
5.2 Destructive Forms of Symbiosis
5.3 Constructiveness and Destructiveness in the Parent-Child Relationship
5.4 The Spiral of Growth
6. Trauma as the Main Cause of Psychological Disorders
6.1 Attachment Theory and Trauma Theory
6.2 A Model for Psychological Splitting
6.3 Trauma and Symbiosis
7. Symbiosis between Parents and Children
7.1 Mother-Child Symbiosis
7.2 Child-Mother Symbiosis
7.3 Traumatised Mothers and Traumatised Children
7.4 Traumatised Fathers and Traumatised Children
8. Symbiotic Trauma
9. Symbiotic Entanglements
9.1 Symbiotic Entanglements in Siblings
9.2 Symbiotic Entanglements in Couples
9.3 Symbiotic Entanglements in the Family as a Whole
9.4 Symbiotic Entanglements at a National Level
9.5 Symbiotic Entanglements with (Sports) Clubs
9.6 The Economy, Money and Symbiotic Entanglements
9.7 Symbiotic Entanglements of Perpetrators and Victims
9.8 Addiction and Symbiotic Entanglements
9.9 Psychosis, Schizophrenia and Symbiotic Entanglements
9.10 Physical ‘Illnesses’ and Symbiotic Entanglements<
10. Bonding-Oriented Trauma Constellations
10.1 Listening Without Judging
10.2 Acquiring Confidence
10.3 From Family Constellations to Trauma Constellations
10.4 Working with the ‘Intention’
10.5 The Role of the Therapist
10.6 Work with Constellations in One-to-One Sessions
10.7 Background Theories and Working Hypotheses
11. Resolving Symbiotic Entanglements
11.1 Therapeutic Guidance
11.2 Therapeutic Considerations
11.3 Constellations and the Symbiotic Trauma
11.4 Understanding Symbiotic Entanglement
11.5 Understanding and Recognising Trauma
11.6 Therapy Work with Trauma
11.7 Relinquishing Illusions of a Rapid Healing
11.8 Renouncing Symbiotically Transferred Feelings
11.9 Focusing on the Healthy Part
11.10 Developing a Healthy Body Awareness
11.11 Developing a Healthy Will
11.12 Being at One with Yourself
11.13 Wanting Neither to Save, nor be Saved
11.14 Leaving Partners who Entangle
11.15 Distancing Oneself from Traumatising Parents
11.16 Being neither Victim nor Perpetrator
11.17 Bringing One’s Own Childhood to a Close
11.18 Entering into New Positive Relationships
11.19 Finding Healthy Boundaries
11.20 Finding Sexual Self-Determination
11.21 Incorruptible Transparency
11.22 Loving Beyond the Constraints of Trauma and Symbiotic Entanglement
About the Author:
Franz Ruppert is Professor of Psychology at the University of Applied Sciences in Munich, a post he has held since 1992. He gained his PhD in Work and Organisational Psychology at the Technical University of Munich in 1985.
Since 1995 he has focused on psychotherapeutic work and specifically on the causes of psychosis, schizophrenia and other forms of severe mental illness. He has combined with this his interest in bonding and attachment theories and modern trauma work in order to understand better the effect of traumatic events, not just for those who suffer the event, but on whole bonding systems such as families.
He came into contact with the Systemic constellations work of Bert Hellinger in Germany in the mid-'90s and since then has utilised this methodology in order to work with clients and understand the subtle and hidden dynamics of trauma in systems.
Franz Ruppert teaches trauma theory at the University of Applied Sciences, works with individuals and facilitates workshops in Germany and many other countries including the UK.