Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a common psychiatric diagnosis in both children and adults since the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. But the diagnosis was much less common—even unknown—in other parts of the world. By the end of the twentieth century, this was no longer the case, and ADHD diagnosis and treatment became an increasingly widespread global phenomenon. As the diagnosis was adopted around the world, the definition and treatment of ADHD often changed in the context of different psychiatric professions, medical systems, and cultures.
Global Perspectives on ADHD is the first book to examine how this expanding public health concern is diagnosed and treated in 16 different countries. In some countries, readers learn, over 10% of school-aged children and adolescents are diagnosed with ADHD; in others, that figure is less than 1%. Some countries focus on medicating children with ADHD; others emphasize parent intervention or child therapy. Showing how a medical diagnosis varies across contexts and time periods, this book explains how those distinctions shape medical interventions and guidelines, filling a much-needed gap by examining ADHD on an international scale.
"Global Perspectives on ADHD provides a unique and pathbreaking contribution for understanding this condition in a comparative perspective. Its sweeping range incorporates the definitions, treatments, and controversies of ADHD in North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. It will be an indispensable resource for scholars and clinicians in the field for many years to come."
— Allan V. Horwitz, author of Anxiety: A Short History
"An intriguing, necessary, and nuanced global perspective on a disorder that is not simply made in America."
— Katherine Ellison, author of Buzz: A Year of Paying Attention
"Whether the international reach of what our diagnostic system calls ADHD represents the cross-cultural uncovering of a ubiquitous condition or the spread of a medicalization phenomenon, this book is an enlightening and interesting read."
— Gabrielle A. Carlson, author of ADHD and Mania: Bridging Research and Practice
"If you're looking for state-of-the-art information on how different nations conceptualize, assess, and treat ADHD in children and adults, you simply must read Global Perspectives on ADHD. Each chapter provides informative, critical, and multi-layered perspectives on what is clearly becoming a diagnosis of global interest. Balanced, scholarly, and accessible; highly recommended."
— Stephen P. Hinshaw, coauthor of ADHD: What Everyone Needs to Know
Contributors: Madeleine Akrich, Mari J. Armstrong-Hough, Meredith R. Bergey, Eugenia Bianchi, Christian Bröer, Peter Conrad, Claire Edwards, Silvia A. Faraone, Angela M. Filipe, Alessandra Frigerio, Valéria Portugal Gonçalves, Linda J. Graham, Hiroyuki Ito, Fabian Karsch, Victor Kraak, Claudia Malacrida, Lorenzo Montali, Yasuo Murayama, Sebastián Rojas Navarro, Órla O’Donovan, Francisco Ortega, Mónica Peña Ochoa, Brenton J. Prosser, Vololona Rabeharisoa, Patricio Rojas, Tiffani Semach, Ilina Singh, Rachel Spronk, Junko Teruyama, Masatsugu Tsujii, Fan-Tzu Tseng, Manuel Vallée, Rafaela Zorzanelli
About the Editor:
Meredith R. Bergey is an assistant professor of sociology at Villanova University. Angela M. Filipe is post-doctoral Research Fellow in Childhood, Health & Society at McGill University Peter Conrad is a professor of sociology at Brandeis University. Ilina Singh is a professor of neuroscience and society at Oxford University.