The field of operational psychology, and consequently its standards of practice, are evolving and expanding at a rapid pace. Now, more than ever, psychologists' expertise is employed on a day-to-day basis by members of the military, national intelligence, and public safety communities. As psychologists' duties expand in these arenas, some definition of their roles and how these roles relate to professional ethical standards is necessary.
Ethical Practice in Operational Psychology: Military and National Intelligence Applications offers guidance for those psychologists who provide support to operational leaders.
Among the professional roles discussed in this book are
* assessment and selection of personnel
* security evaluations for high risk and high demand occupations
* counter-intelligence and counter-terrorism operations
* consultation to interrogation and debriefing
* crisis negotiation
This book integrates the requirements of the existing APA Ethics Code and other relevant professional guidelines and protocols within the limited professional literature in the field.
The editors have assembled some of the best operational psychologists in the field today to share their expertise and experience. The contributors provide realistic case examples, practical guidance, and recommendations regarding the unique ethical issues that confront operational psychologists, shedding much needed light on how and why military and public safety practices differ from traditional psychological practice.
This timely volume provides a strong ethical foundation upon which to advance this growing specialty.
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1. Operational Psychology Ethics: Addressing Evolving Dilemmas
—Carrie H. Kennedy and Thomas J. Williams
2. Operational Psychologists in Support of Assessment and Selection: Ethical Considerations
—James Picano, Thomas J. Williams, Robert Roland, and Carla Long
3. Ethical Considerations in the Conduct of Security Clearance Evaluations
—James Young, Sally Harvey, and Mark A. Staal
4. Ethical Dilemmas in Psychological Consultation to Counterintelligence and Counterterrorism Activities
—Kirk Kennedy, Randy Borum, and Robert Fein
5. Behavioral Science Consultation to Interrogation and Debriefing Operations: Ethical Considerations
—Debra Dunivin, L. Morgan Banks, Mark A. Staal, and James A. Stephenson
6. Ethics in Crisis Negotiation: A Law Enforcement and Public Safety Perspective
—Michael G. Gelles and Russell Palarea
7. Operational Psychology: Proactive Ethics in a Challenging World
—Thomas J. Williams and Carrie H. Kennedy
Appendix: The Twelve Guiding Statements of the APA Presidential Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security
About the Editors
About the Editors:
Carrie H. Kennedy, PhD, ABPP, is a Lieutenant Commander in the Medical Service Corps of the U.S. Navy. She currently serves as an aerospace psychologist at the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute.
Dr. Kennedy is the Navy's only dual-designated clinical and aerospace experimental psychologist. She serves as the Chair of the Conflict of Interest Committee for the National Academy of Neuropsychology, is the Past Chair of APA's Division 19 (Military Psychology) Ethics Consultation Committee, and serves as Member-at-Large of Division 19.
She is the Coeditor of Military Psychology: Clinical and Operational Applications and Military Neuropsychology. She serves on the editorial boards of Military Psychology and Psychological Services.
Thomas J. Williams, PhD, is a Colonel in the Medical Service Corps of the U.S. Army. He currently serves as the Director of the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute and Director of the Leadership Feedback Program, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
He is a Past Chair of the Department of Psychology at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, where he also served as the last Program Director for the Department of Defense Psychopharmacology Demonstration Project. During his time at Walter Reed, Colonel Williams also served as the strategic planner for Walter Reed health care system and North Atlantic Regional Medical Command.
He subsequently served as the Command Psychologist, 902d Military Intelligence Group, Fort Meade, Maryland, where he supported strategic level counterintelligence and counterespionage programs worldwide.
Colonel Williams has supported Special Operations Command during Operation Iraqi Freedom I and II, and most recently, served in support of Special Operations Command South during Operation Willing Spirit, which helped set the conditions for freeing the three American hostages being held by terrorists in Colombia.
He has coauthored several articles and chapters focused on operational psychology. He served on the editorial board of Military Psychology from 2004 to 2008.