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Methodological Issues and Strategies in Clinical Research, Fourth Edition
Kazdin, Alan E., PhD, ABPP (Edt)
American Psychological Association / Softcover / 2015-12-01 / 1433820927
price: $62.50 (may be subject to change)
576 pages
Not in stock - ships in one week.

This fourth edition of Alan E. Kazdin's classic text is, like its predecessors, intended to help students and professionals alike master a wide range of methodological approaches to examining clinical issues and phenomena. The goal is to help the reader design, conduct, recognize, and appreciate high quality research, and recognize the implications of crucial decisions about methodology and design.

Articles cover a comprehensive array of topics, including experimental design; the principles, procedures, and practices that govern research; assessment of study constructs and their interrelationships; potential sources of artifact and bias, methods of data analysis and interpretation; ethical issues; and the nuts and bolts of writing research articles and getting published.

With 26 new articles and significantly revised and expanded introductory material, this revamped edition features scholarly contributions that explicate core concepts, survey contemporary issues in research, and examine ethical responsibilities toward both research participants and science itself.

New additions include articles on translational and qualitative research, advances in data collection methods such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk service and obtaining client feedback in psychotherapy, advances in mathematical and statistical modeling including single-case interventions, and new chapters examining questionable research practices and fraud.

Table of Contents:


I. Introduction: Overview and Background

Methodology: What It Is and Why It Is So Important
Alan E. Kazdin

II. Beginning the Research Process

Research Ideas

Beginning the Research Process: Key Concepts That Can Guide a Study
Alan E. Kazdin

Getting Out of Our Conceptual Ruts: Strategies for Expanding Conceptual Frameworks
Allan W. Wicker

Translational Research
Michael T. Bardo and Mary Ann Pentz

Foci of Research

In Defense of External Invalidity
Douglas G. Mook

When Small Effects Are Impressive
Deborah A. Prentice and Dale T. Miller

III. Sampling and Assigning Participants to Conditions

Samples and Selection of Participants

Most People Are Not WEIRD
Joseph Henrich, Steven J. Heine, and Ara Norenzayan

The Neglected 95%: Why American Psychology Needs to Become Less American
Jeffrey J. Arnett

Amazon's Mechanical Turk: A New Source of Inexpensive, Yet High-Quality, Data?
Michael Buhrmester, Tracy Kwang, and Samuel D. Gosling

Randomization and Group Equivalence

Random Sampling, Randomization, and Equivalence of Contrasted Groups in Psychotherapy Outcome Research
Louis M. Hsu

Research Designs Options

Experimental and Observational Designs: An Overview
Alan E. Kazdin

IV. Assessment

Measurement Development, Reliability, and Validity

Constructing Validity: Basic Issues in Objective Scale Development
Lee Anna Clark and David Watson

Selecting Measures for Research Investigations
Alan E. Kazdin

Measurement and Assessment: An Editorial View
Cecil R. Reynolds

Measurement Among Diverse Samples

Methodological Issues in Assessment Research With Ethnic Minorities
Sumie Okazaki and Stanley Sue

V. Data Analysis, Evaluation, and Presentation

Background and Underpinnings of Data Analyses

On the Origins of the .05 Level of Statistical Significance
Michael Cowles and Caroline Davis

Things I Have Learned (So Far)
Jacob Cohen

Null Hypotheses Testing, Meta-Analysis, and Bayesian Statistics

A Power Primer
Jacob Cohen

Statistical Significance Testing and Cumulative Knowledge in Psychology: Implications for Training of Researchers
Frank L. Schmidt

An Effect Size Primer: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers
Christopher J. Ferguson

The Proof of the Pudding: An Illustration of the Relative Strengths of Null Hypothesis, Meta-Analysis, and Bayesian Analysis
George S. Howard, Scott E. Maxwell, and Kevin J. Fleming

Data Presentation

Designing Better Graphs by Including Distributional Information and Integrating Words, Numbers, and Images
David M. Lane and Anikó Sándor

VI. Special Topics: Evaluation in Clinical Practice and Research

Assessment and Evaluation in Clinical Work

Collecting Client Feedback
Michael J. Lambert and Kenichi Shimokawa

Revisiting and Reenvisioning the Outcome Problem in Psychotherapy: An Argument to Include Individualized and Qualitative Measurement
Clara E. Hill, Harold Chui, and Ellen Baumann

Evaluating Interventions

Beyond Efficacy and Effectiveness: A Multifaceted Approach to Treatment Evaluation
Timothy D. Nelson and Ric G. Steele

Methodological Challenges in Treatment Outcome Research With Ethnic Minorities
Anna S. Lau, Doris F. Chang, and Sumie Okazaki

VII. Multiple Methodologies

The Epistemology of Mathematical and Statistical Modeling: A Quiet Methodological Revolution
Joseph Lee Rodgers

Qualitative Research and Its Place in Psychological Science
Anna Madill and Brendan Gough

Single-Case Experimental Research Designs
Alan E. Kazdin

VIII. Ethical Issues and Scientific Integrity

Guidelines and Codes

Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct
American Psychological Association

Research Ethics: How to Treat People Who Participate in Research
Ezekiel Emanuel, Emily Abdoler, and Leanne Stunkel

Research Ethics for Mental Health Science Involving Ethnic Minority Children and Youths
Celia B. Fisher, Kimberly Hoagwood,Cheryl Boyce, Troy Duster, Deborah A. Frank, Thomas Grisso, Robert J. Levine, Ruth Macklin, Margaret Beale Spencer, Ruby Takanishi, Joseph E. Trimble, and Luis H. Zayas

Questionable Research Practices, Fraud, and Professional Responsibilities

False-Positive Psychology: Undisclosed Flexibility in Data Collection and Analysis Allows Presenting Anything as Significant
Joseph P. Simmons, Leif D. Nelson, and Uri Simonsohn

Why Has the Number of Scientific Retractions Increased?
R. Grant Steen, Arturo Casadevall, and Ferric C. Fang

Best Practices for Allocating Appropriate Credit and Responsibility to Authors of Multi-Authored Articles
Lucas D. Eggert

IX. Reproducibility of Findings: Replication and Improving Research Practices

Shall We Really Do It Again? The Powerful Concept of Replication is Neglected in the Social Sciences
Stefan Schmidt

The Empirical March: Making Science Better at Self-Correction
Matthew C. Makel

Recommendations for Increasing Replicability in Psychology
Jens B. Asendorpf, Mark Conner, Filip De Fruyt, Jan De Houwer, Jaap J. A. Denissen, Klaus Fiedler, Susann Fiedler, David C. Funder, Reinhold Kliegl, Brian A. Nosek, Marco Perugini, Brent W. Roberts, Manfred Schmitt, Marcel A. G. Vanaken, Hannelore Weber, and Jelte M. Wicherts

X. Publication and Communication of Research

Reporting Standards: What to Cover and Include in an Article

Reporting Standards for Research in Psychology: Why Do We Need Them? What Might They Be?
APA Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards
Preparing Articles for Publication

Publication and Communication of Research Findings
Alan E. Kazdin

Writing a Review Article for Psychological Bulletin
Daryl J. Bem

XI. Perspectives on Methodology

Methodology: Perspectives and General Lessons to Guide Research
Alan E. Kazdin

About the Editor

About the Editor:

Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, ABPP, received his doctorate in clinical psychology from Northwestern University. He is the John M. Musser Professor of Psychology and Child Psychiatry at Yale University and director of the Yale Parenting Center, a service for children and families. Before coming to Yale, he was on the faculty of The Pennsylvania State University and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. At Yale, Dr. Kazdin has been chairman of the psychology department, director and chairman of the Yale Child Study Center at the School of Medicine, and director of Child Psychiatric Services at Yale–New Haven Hospital.

Dr. Kazdin's research has focused primarily on the treatment of aggressive and antisocial behavior in children, and parent, child, and contextual influences that contribute to child dysfunction and processes and outcome of child therapy. His work has been supported by the National Institute of Mental Health, the William T. Grant Foundation, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Rivendell Foundation of America, the Humane Society of America, the Laura J. Niles Foundation, Leon Lowenstein Foundation, the Jack Parker Foundation, and Yale University. His work on parenting and childrearing has been featured on NPR, PBS, BBC, and CNN and he has appeared on the Today Show, Good Morning America, ABC News, 20/20, and Dr. Phil.

Dr. Kazdin has been editor of six professional journals (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Psychological Assessment, Behavior Therapy, Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice Current Directions in Psychological Science, and Clinical Psychological Science). He has received a number of professional awards, including the Outstanding Research Contribution by an Individual Award and Lifetime Achievement Awards (Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies), Outstanding Lifetime Contributions to Psychology Award and Distinguished Scientific Award for the Applications of Psychology (APA), and the James McKeen Cattell Award (Association for Psychological Science). In 2008, he was president of APA.

Dr. Kazdin's 700+ publications include 49 books that focus on methodology, interventions for children and adolescents, parenting and child rearing, cognitive–behavioral treatment, and interpersonal violence. Some of his recent books include Single-Case Research Designs: Methods for Clinical and Applied Settings (2nd ed.); Research Design in Clinical Psychology (5th ed.); The Kazdin Method for Parenting the Defiant Child: With No Pills, No Therapy, No Contest of Wills (with Carlo Rotella); Behavior Modification in Applied Settings (7th ed.); and Violence Against Women and Children: Volume I: Mapping the Terrain and Volume II: Navigating Solutions (with Jacqueline W. White and Mary P. Koss).

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