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About the Video:
In Emotion-Focused Therapy Supervision, Dr. Leslie Greenberg demonstrates and discusses how to train and teach therapists using this approach to clinical supervision.
Emotion-focused therapy is a process-oriented experiential therapy in which the therapist assists the client to become aware of and access emotion. Supervision in this approach is based on the same fundamental principles as the therapy, with a focus on developing the supervisory relationship and on specific supervisory tasks. Supervision thus involves developing a supervisory alliance and identification of a focus, supervision task markers, what the supervisor's interventions will be at these markers and the supervisee processes they facilitate.
In this program, Dr. Greenberg and his supervisee engage in a supervisory session, and host Dr. Hanna Levenson interviews them about their work together, exploring this model through a discussion of highlights from the demonstration session.
An emotion-focused therapy (EFT) supervisor's main focus is on enhancing the supervisee's process facilitation skills. EFT supervision consists of three components: A focus on the supervisory alliance, a focus on supervisee's interpersonal skills, and a focus on technical skills.
EFT is a process-oriented experiential therapy in which therapists help people become aware of and access emotion. Therapists are viewed as experts, not on the contents of client's conscious or unconscious experience, but on how to facilitate next steps in the clients' experiential process. Clients are viewed as being experts on their own experience whereas the expertise the therapist offers to clients is knowing what to do to facilitate taking a therapeutically-productive next process step.
The expertise the therapist offers is thus an expertise on how to facilitate deeper experience, productive emotional processing, and the creation of new meaning. The supervisor thus first and foremost acts as a trainer, teaching skills of process facilitation. Given the role of the supervisor as trainer, the type of supervision will be geared to the supervisee's level of skill and training.
EFT supervision is based on the same fundamental principles as EFT therapy, that is, on relationship and task. Supervision thus involves developing a safe relationship, a supervisory alliance including the identification of a focus (supervisee's presentation of a dilemma or difficulty), plus the task aspects of identification of supervision task markers (opportunities for supervisory interventions), the supervisor's interventions at these markers, and identification of the resolution of the supervisee's presented difficulty.
As well as engaging in training, the supervisor is a consultant who serves as a resource, encouraging trainees to trust their own feelings and ideas about work with the client. In this aspect, the supervisor adopts a collaborative attitude as opposed to that of being an expert. Engagement and equality are viewed as important and the supervisor balances modeling with encouraging the supervisees to trust themselves. At times, the supervisor acts as a process facilitator of the supervisee's own in-session experience of the client.
Modeling of the skills being taught to convey emotion-focused attitude (showing respect, empathy, genuineness, collaborative problem-solving.) is also important and can be done through this work on the supervisee's own experience.
About the Therapist:
Leslie S. Greenberg, PhD, is Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus of Psychology at York University, Toronto, and director of the Emotion-Focused Therapy Clinic. He has authored many texts on emotion-focused approaches to treatment, including 17 books and more than 100 articles.
He has received the APA Award for Distinguished Professional Contribution to Applied Research, the Distinguished Research Career Award of the International Society for Psychotherapy Research, the Carl Rogers Award of the APA, the Canadian Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology as a Profession and the Canadian Council of Professional Psychology Award for Excellence in Professional Training.