Synthesizing a vast body of empirical research and organizing it around a comprehensive conceptual model, this book is recognized as the definitive reference on adult attachment. The authors explain how what began as a theory of child development is now used to conceptualize and study nearly all aspects of social functioning across the lifespan, including mental representations of self and others, emotion regulation, personal goals and strivings, couple relationships, caregiving, sexuality, psychopathology, psychotherapy, and organizational behavior. The origins and measurement of individual differences in adult attachment are examined, as is the question of whether and how attachment patterns can change.
New to This Edition:
• Reflects major advances, including hundreds of new studies.
• Clarifies and extends the authors' influential model of attachment-system functioning.
• Cutting-edge content on genetics and on the neural and hormonal substrates of attachment.
• Increased attention to the interplay among attachment and other behavioral systems, such as caregiving and sexuality.
• Expanded discussion of attachment processes in counseling and psychotherapy.
• Additional coverage of leadership, group dynamics, and religion.
“Mikulincer and Shaver provide a wonderfully comprehensive, integrative overview of a rich and broad empirical terrain. The result is a superb second edition that not only gives readers—novices and experts alike—a deeper understanding of attachment 'from the cradle to the grave,' but also suggests where new ideas and research need to head in coming years. The authors highlight several areas of research that have grown considerably since the first edition, such as how attachment theory interfaces with neuroscience, sexuality, caregiving, emotional and behavioral regulation, interpersonal regulation, personal growth, and therapeutic advances.”
—Jeffry A. Simpson, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota
“This is just an amazing book. It is beautifully written and provides a rich synthesis of the adult attachment literature. It is extremely comprehensive but at the same time a true pleasure to read. Mikulincer and Shaver are pioneers who both played critical roles in introducing attachment to mainstream psychology and who, in the years since, have made key contributions methodologically and theoretically. In this book, they go well beyond their own work to cover the waterfront. A classic.”
—Mary Dozier, PhD, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Delaware
“For more than three decades, attachment theory has been our most intellectually diverse and compelling theory of close relationships. This deeply illuminating volume is a tour de force review of contemporary theory and research. Combining insights from neuroscience, psychopathology, and developmental and social psychology, this beautifully written book offers a cutting-edge update to the first edition. Quite simply, it is indispensable.”
—Harry T. Reis, PhD, Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester
“This exciting volume is essential reading for those interested in attachment processes. The authors outline the key principles underlying the classic studies of adult attachment; impressively, they also provide a coherent integration of the thousands of studies that have built on this research. Such key topics as emotion regulation, the neurobiology of attachment, couple dynamics, and group processes attest to the breadth and depth of attachment theory and its implications for adults’ emotional and relational lives.”
—Judith A. Feeney, PhD, School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Australia
“This comprehensive book is exceptionally well written by attachment theory experts. It enhances the reader's understanding of attachment theory and provides a framework for future researchers to use as a guide for scientific pursuits. This is a very useful book for advanced graduate courses focused on adult attachment, such as courses covering personality theories. The appendices with multiple commonly used attachment measures and the chapters on applications of attachment theory in professional practice are extremely helpful for students.”
—Stephen L. Wright, PhD, Professor and Director of Clinical Training, Counseling Psychology Program, University of Northern Colorado
I. The Attachment Behavioral System: Normative Processes and Individual Differences
1. The Attachment Behavioral System: Basic Concepts and Principles
2. A Model of Attachment-System Functioning and Dynamics in Adulthood
3. Normative Attachment Processes
4. Measurement of Attachment-Related Constructs in Adulthood
5. Individual Differences in Attachment-System Functioning: Development, Stability, and Change
II. Intrapersonal Aspects of Attachment-System Functioning
6. Attachment-Related Mental Representations of Self and Others
7. Attachment Processes and Emotion Regulation
8. Attachment Orientations, Behavioral Self-Regulation, and Personal Growth
III. Interpersonal Manifestations of Attachment-System Functioning
9. An Attachment Perspective on Interpersonal Regulation
10. Attachment Processes and Couple Functioning
11. Relations between the Attachment and Caregiving Systems
12. Attachment and Sex
IV. Clinical and Organizational Applications of Attachment Theory
13. Attachment Bases of Psychopathology
14. Implications of Attachment Theory and Research for Counseling and Psychotherapy
15. Applications of Attachment Theory and Research in Group and Organizational Settings
16. Reflections on Attachment Security
Appendix A. Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ)
Appendix B. Adult Attachment Scale (AAS)
Appendix C. Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ)
Appendix D. Relationship Style Questionnaire (RSQ)
Appendix E. Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR)
Appendix F. ECR-R Items
Appendix G. Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR)—Short Version
Appendix H. ECR-12: A Brief Version of the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR)
Appendix I. State Adult Attachment Measure (SAAM)
Appendix J. Relationship Structures Measure (ECR-RS)
Appendix K. Caregiving System Scale (CSS)
Appendix L. Caregiving Questionnaire
Appendix M. Sexual System Functioning Scale (SSFS)
About the Authors:
Mario Mikulincer, PhD, is Professor of Psychology and Provost of the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya in Israel. His research interests include attachment styles in adulthood, terror management theory, personality processes in interpersonal relationships, evolutionary psychology, human learned helplessness and depression, trauma and posttraumatic processes, coping with stress, qualitative research on emotional states, and mental rumination and self-focused attention. Dr. Mikulincer is a fellow of the American Psychological Society and the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. He is a recipient of Israel's EMET Prize for Art, Science, and Culture.
Phillip R. Shaver, PhD, is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of California, Davis. He has published several books, including Handbook of Attachment, Third Edition, and over 250 journal articles and book chapters. Dr. Shaver's research focuses on attachment, human motivation and emotion, close relationships, personality development, and the effects of meditation on behavior and brain. He is a fellow of both the American Psychological Association and the Association for Psychological Science and is past president of the International Association for Relationship Research, which honored him with its Distinguished Career Award. He has also received Distinguished Career Awards from the Society of Experimental Social Psychology and the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, and an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Stockholm, Sweden.