his authoritative book will be of interest to anyone involved in studying the mental health consequences of large-scale traumatic events or in measuring the effectiveness of postdisaster interventions. The book considers disasters from different perspectives and translates their chaotic aftermath into feasible research ideas and approaches. Contributing authors, all experienced researchers and practitioners, present a wide range of methods and strategies used in epidemiology, program evaluation, and public mental health planning in the aftermath of natural or technological disasters and terrorism. Descriptions of exemplary studies bring to life the associated logistical and scientific challenges and show how these challenges can be addressed using high-quality research designs.
I. Introduction to the Field
1. Definitions and Concepts in Disaster Research, Alexander C. McFarlane and Fran H. Norris
2. Psychosocial Consequences of Disasters: A Review of Past Research, Fran H. Norris and Carrie L. Elrod
II. Research Fundamentals
3. Choosing Research Methods to Match Research Goals in Studies of Disaster or Terrorism, Carol S. North and Fran H. Norris
4. Formulating Questions about Postdisaster Mental Health, Charles C. Benight, Alexander C. McFarlane, and Fran H. Norris
5. Ethical Issues in Disaster Research, Alan R. Fleischman, Lauren Collogan, and Farris Tuma
III. Methods for Sampling and Data Collection
6. Basic Epidemiological Approaches to Disaster Research: Value of Face-to-Face Procedures, Evelyn J. Bromet and Johan M. Havenaar
7. Telephone-Based Research Methods in Disaster Research, Sandro Galea, Michael Bucuvalas, Heidi Resnick, John Boyle, David Vlahov, and Dean Kilpatrick
8. Web-Based Methods in Disaster Research, William E. Schlenger and Roxane Cohen Silver
9. School-Based Studies of Children Following Disasters, Annette M. La Greca
10. Qualitative Approaches to Studying the Effects of Disasters, Lawrence A. Palinkas
IV. Research for Planning, Policy, and Service Delivery
11. Public Mental Health Surveillance and Monitoring, Sandro Galea and Fran H. Norris
12. Mental Health Services and Evaluation Research: Precepts, Pragmatics, and Politics, Craig S. Rosen and Helena E. Young
13. Evidence-Based Treatments for Traumatic Stress: An Overview of the Research with an Emphasis on Disaster Settings, Laura E. Gibson, Jessica L. Hamblen, Michael J. Zvolensky, and Anka A. Vujanovic
14. Strategies for Dissemination of Evidence-Based Treatments: Training Clinicians after Large-Scale Disasters, Randall D. Marshall, Lawrence Amsel, Yuval Neria, and Eun-Jung Suh
V. Special Challenges in Disaster Research
15. Conducting Research with Children and Adolescents after Disaster, Alan M. Steinberg, Melissa J. Brymer, Jesse R. Steinberg, and Betty Pfefferbaum
16. Conducting Research with Military and Uniformed Services Workers, Carol S. Fullerton, James E. McCarroll, and Robert J. Ursano
17. Conducting Research in Minority and Marginalized Communities, Russell T. Jones, James M. Hadder, Franklin Carvajal, Sara Chapman, and Apryl Alexander
18. Conducting Research in Other Countries, Arthur D. Murphy, Julia L. Perilla, and Eric Jones
19. Disaster Mental Health Research: Challenges for the Future, Matthew J. Friedman
Appendix 1. Disasters Mentioned in the Text, Sandro Galea
Appendix 2. Searching the Traumatic Stress Literature, Fred Lerner
About the Editors:
Fran H. Norris, PhD, a community/social psychologist, is a Research Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at Dartmouth Medical School, where she is affiliated with the National Center for PTSD and with the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Response to Terrorism, headed by the University of Maryland. She has published extensively on the psychosocial consequences of disasters.
Sandro Galea, MD, DrPH, is an Associate Professor of Epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health and a Research Affiliate of the Population Studies Center at the Institute for Social Research. His research focuses on the social and economic production of health, particularly mental health and behavior in urban settings, and he has an abiding interest in the social and health consequences of collectively experienced traumatic events.
Matthew J. Friedman, MD, PhD, is Executive Director of the National Center for PTSD and Professor of Psychiatry and Pharmacology at Dartmouth Medical School. He has worked with patients with PTSD for more than 30 years and has written or edited 180 books, monographs, chapters and peer-reviewed journal articles.
Patricia J. Watson, PhD, is an educational specialist for the National Center for PTSD and Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at Dartmouth Medical School. She collaborates with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and subject-matter experts to create publications for public and mental health interventions following large-scale terrorism, disaster, and pandemic flu.