Intervention for Toddlers with Gross and Fine Motor Delays: Practical Strategies was created out of concern for the increasing number of children identified with developmental language disorders, including those with autism spectrum disorder, and the lack of adequate resources for them. This manual addresses gross and fine motor skills, and activities of daily living for toddlers between the ages of 0-3 years old. Children with developmental disabilities often have difficulties in or uneven development of gross and fine motor skills. These delays have a related effect on the acquisition of daily life skills. The activities in this manual for building gross motor, fine motor, and ADL skills encourage sensory stimulation. Sensory integration skills, or a child's ability to integrate sensory stimulation from her environment, are automatically targeted in the activities. The activities can be used in a wide variety of settings. They can be used in the therapy rooms of speech-language pathologists (SLPs), preschool classrooms, daycare settings, and children's homes. The activities are especially ideal for SLPs who conduct home visits to provide intervention in children's natural, daily settings.
This manual is intended to guide the therapist or caregiver in selecting the target skills that a child should be trained in. The lesson plans outline the activities that need to be undertaken to elicit specific responses from children and establish a range of developmental skills. The simple lesson plans are intended to get the therapist or caregiver started on the process of stimulating the child in each of the domains that he or she needs help in, at their current level of functioning. The first section of this manual addresses the basic gross motor skills that children acquire. These basic skills form the foundation of the child's further motor growth. The second section deals with fine motor skill development. The lesson plans included here sensitize the therapist or caregiver to the basic fine motor skills that a child needs to learn at this stage. The third section addresses mastering the activities of daily living. The lesson plans that are included in this section are designed to help the child progressively take care of basic needs with increasing independence.
Also included are "Tech Tips" with recommended YouTube videos, websites, Pinterest sites, and other online resources. These online resources provide the therapist or caregiver with excellent ideas for products and practical intervention strategies that can be used for a variety of purposes when serving young children with special needs.
About the Authors:
Prathibha Karanth received her MSc (1971) and PhD (1981) from the All India Institute of Speech & Hearing (AIISH), in India. For 25 years she worked on neurogenic communication disorders in adults and children, at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences and AIISH, in India. In 2004, she set up the non-profit Com DEALL Trust to support the Communication DEALL Early Intervention Program, developed by her in 2000, now scaled up to over 20 units across India. She is associated with academic institutions such as SRCISH and NIAS in Bangalore and serves on scientific advisory committees of the Government of India and other academic institutions.
Celeste Roseberry-McKibbin received her PhD from Northwestern University. She is a Professor of Speech Pathology and Audiology at California State University, Sacramento. Dr. Roseberry is also currently a part-time itinerant speech pathologist in San Juan Unified School District where she provides direct services to students from preschool through high school. She has worked in educational and medical settings with a wide variety of clients ranging from preschoolers through geriatric patients. She serves homeless persons in her community through direct work on the streets.
Priya James, MS, CCC-SLP, has over a decade of experience working with special need children and families. Priya's varied experiences include working with pre-schoolers through high schoolers in the public / private schools, juvenile hall, post secondary and vocational school. She has also worked with adult patients with neurological disorders and injury.