This systematic and comprehensive volume, written in a lively and clear style, is devoted essentially to the fundamentals of psychoanalytic technique: transference and resistance. Dr. Greenson approaches psychoanalytic technique from a classical theoretical framework, but he frequently gives an entirely fresh view of traditionally accepted procedures. His most important new contribution consists in the clear distinction between the patient's "real relationship" to the analyst, the "working alliance", and the transference relationship. His discussion of the contradictory and often conflicting demands which each of these elements makes on the technical skills of the analyst is particularly illuminating. In many fascinating case illustrations, he shows how the analyst carries out therapeutic psychoanalysis while respecting the diversity of psychic constellations in different patients and at different points in their analyses. This book can be recommended -- without qualification -- to the beginning student because of the thorough clarification and documentation of the basic principles of psychoanalytic technique. At the same time, experienced analysts and teachers will appreciate and be stimulated by Dr. Greenson's open-minded discussion of some unsolved problems and issues in psycho-analytic practice.