Cognitive reserve has emerged as a powerful concept for interpreting individual differences in susceptibility to, and recovery from, brain injury or pathology. Underlying cognitive reserve is the idea that individual differences in how cognitive tasks are mediated in the brain allow some people to cope with pathology to a greater degree than others. Cognitive Reserve: Theory and Applications describes in depth the source of these individual differences.
This volume provides a comprehensive review of theory, research and clinical application of the cognitive reserve. Chapters explore the theoretical underpinnings of cognitive reserve, and evidence for its existence. Various approaches for studying this concept are addressed, including epidemiologic, cognitive experimental, and neuroimaging. Possible genetic and physiologic underpinnings of cognitive reserve are presented. Application of this concept to a wide range of situations, including child development, aging, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, HIV, and head injury is discussed. The result is an up-to-date, global treatment of cognitive reserve that will be of interest to someone new to the concept or the experienced investigator.
Table of Contents
Yaakov Stern, The Concept of Cognitive Reserve: A Catalyst for Research. Joseph H. Lee, Understanding Cognitive Reserve through Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology. Marcus Richards, Amanda Sacker, Ian J. Deary, Lifetime Antecedents of Cognitive Reserve. Maureen Dennis, Keith Owen Yeates, H. Gerry Taylor, J. M. Fletcher, Brain Reserve Capacity, Cognitive Reserve Capacity, and Age-Based Functional Plasticity after Congenital and Acquired Brain Injury in Children. Erin D. Bigler, Traumatic Brain Injury and Cognitive Reserve. Patricia A. Boyle, Susan A. Legendre Ropacki, Robert A. Stern, Electroconvulsive Therapy and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery: Pseudoexperimental Paradigms for Studying Cognitive Reserve. Linas A. Bieliauskas, Ami Antonucci, The Impact of Cognitive Reserve on Neuropsychological Measures. Miranda G. Dik, Dorly J.H. Deeg, Marjolein Visser, Cees Jonker, Association between Early Life Physical Activity and Late-life Cognition: Evidence for Cognitive Reserve. Robert S. Wilson, Lisa L. Barnes, David A. Bennett, Assessment of Lifetime Participation in Cognitively Stimulating Activities. Brent J. Small, Tiffany F. Hughes, David F. Hultsch, Roger A. Dixon, Lifestyle Activities and Late-Life Changes in Cognitive Performance. Nikolaos Scarmeas, Lifestyle Patterns and Cognitive Reserve. M. J. Reinhard, P. Satz, O. A. Selnes, N. Sacktor, B. A. Cohen, J. T. Becker, E. N. Miller, Brain Reserve: HIV Morbidity and Mortality. Jennifer J. Manly, Nicole Schupf, Ming-Xin Tang, Yaakov Stern, Literacy and Cognitive Decline among Ethnically Diverse Elders. James A. Mortimer, David A. Snowdon, William R. Markesbery, Brain Reserve and Risk of Dementia: Findings from the Nun Study. Yaakov Stern, Imaging Cognitive Reserve. Cheryl L. Grady, Cognitive Reserve in Healthy Aging and Alzheimer Disease: Evidence for Compensatory Reorganization of Brain Networks. David Friedman, A Neurocognitive Overview of Aging Phenomena Based on the Event-Related Brain Potential (ERP). Yevgenia Kozorovitskiy, Elizabeth Gould, Adult Neurogenesis and Regeneration in the Brain.