History and Philosophy of Psychology is a lively introduction to the historical development of psychology. Its distinct inclusion of ideas from both Eastern and Western philosophies offers students a uniquely broad view of human psychology.
Whilst covering all the major landmarks in the history of psychology, the text also provides students with little-known but fascinating insights into key questions â such as whether Freud really cured his patients; what was nude psychotherapy; and were the early psychologists racist?
• Encourages students to explore the philosophical and theoretical implications of the historical development of psychology
• Explores key theoretical ideas and experiments in detail, with background to their development and valuable suggestions for further reading
"In this very accessibly-written book, Chung and Hyland break new ground for an introductory text by referring in some detail to both western and eastern philosophical traditions in tracing the intellectual history of psychology. They are committed to the idea that psychology has always been done in dialogue with cultural understandings about the nature of the person. The authors cover a wide sweep of current psychological thought, showing the contemporary diversity of the discipline. I look forward to using this book with my students – it's a very engaging invitation to an area which has previously lacked attractive curtain-raisers."
—Peter Ashworth, Professor of Educational Research, Sheffield Hallam University
1 Introduction 1
2 God, Divine Forces and Who We Are 5
3 Psychology and Science: First Beginnings 34
4 Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Science 61
5 Further Early Beginnings of Psychology: Functionalism, Measurement and the Application of Psychology 88
6 The Würzburg School, the Gestalt Movement and the Idea of Emergent Properties 126
7 Behaviourism, and the Disappearance and Reappearance of Organism (Person) Variables 144
8 Behaviourism and Free Will 170
9 The Unconscious Mind: Freud and Jung and the ‘Talking Cure’ 186
10 Philosophical Critiques of Freudian Ideas 218
11 The Return of the Mind: Phenomenological and Existential Psychology and the Psychology of Ultimate Concerns 233
12 Existential and Phenomenological Philosophies 256
13 History of Clinical Psychology and Philosophy of Mental Health 270
14 How to Preserve Oneself: Part I 296
15 How to Preserve Oneself: Part II 322
16 The Qualitative Perspective: Social Constructionism, Critical Psychology, Hermeneutical Psychology and the Psychology of Common Sense 337
About the Authors:
Man Cheung Chung is Professor of Psychology at Zayed University in the United Arab Emirates. He has a strong interest in philosophical psychology and has published widely in health and clinical psychology. His publications include Phenomenology and Psychological Science (with P.D. Ashworth, 2006) and Reconceiving Schizophrenia (with K.W.M. Fulford & G. Graham, 2007).
Michael E. Hyland is Professor of Health Psychology at Plymouth University. His interests span theoretical psychology, health psychology, and theory development in health psychology. His publications include Recent Trends in Theoretical Psychology (with W. Baker, R. Hezewijk, & S. Terwee, 1990) and Asthma Management for Practice Nurses (1998). He is also author of The Origins of Health and Disease (2011).