| Van de Hoeven Kliniek, Pompe Kliniek and Maastricht University |
The SAPROF is a violence risk assessment tool specifically developed for the assessment of protective factors for adult offenders. The tool was intended to be used in addition to risk focused Structured Professional Judgment assessment tools, such as the HCR-20 or the HCR:V3 (for more information click here), but can also be used together with actuarial tools. Following the SPJ approach, the SAPROF concludes with an overall judgment of the level of available protection. The SAPROF is suitable for assessment of both violent and sexual offenders.
The tool was developed in the Van der Hoeven Kliniek (a forensic psychiatric hospital in The Netherlands) in cooperation with the Pompe Kliniek and the University of Maastricht.
The SAPROF can also be used with female offenders, however the empirical evidence is not as strong. In the future the authors may decide to develop a female addition to the SAPROF manual, like has been done for the HCR-20 / HCR:V3 with the Female Additional Manual (FAM; De Vogel, De Vries Robbé, Van Kalmthout & Place, 2011).
The SAPROF contains 17 protective factors organized into three scales. 15 of the factors are dynamic, making the factors valuable treatment targets and treatment evaluation measures. After coding the 17 items on a three-point scale (0-2), the assessor is asked to point out those items which are the most important protective factors for the assessed individual in his or her specific situation: Key-items (those items deemed the strongest protectors against violence risk) and Goal-items (those items deemed the most important targets for current treatment). Click here for the coding sheet , which provides an overview of the protective factors in the SAPROF.